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Home arrow Papers arrow Mamin R.G., Orekhov G.V., Evdokimov P.A. - Plumbing and Environmental Problems of Development of the Territory of new Moscow
Mamin R.G., Orekhov G.V., Evdokimov P.A. - Plumbing and Environmental Problems of Development of the Territory of new Moscow PDF Print E-mail
Written by Erkin Turdibaev   
Thursday, 01 June 2017
The decision of government Moscow and the Moscow region to increase the capital territory in 2.39 times causes the need to solve practical problems of urban development with the use of innovative techniques and methods, because analogues in the world practice to date do not exist. Therefore, water supply and sanitation are the most important tasks in solving such tasks. There are three major sources of anthropogenic contamination of water. They are: industry, agriculture: washout of pollutants from the fields and many recreational establishments, gardening areas in floodplains, camping along the banks of rivers, etc.

The main pollutants of water are nutrients (phosphorus, nitrogen), acid compounds, organic substances, oil products and heavy metals. It is proposed the following concept of innovative methods of construction of the New Moscow. Areas were removed from Moscow ring road on 45-55 miles, should be converted into Autonomous regions, with their wastewater treatment plants, water treatment plants, water supply systems and sanitation, etc. These areas will not be associated with the "old" Moscow. In addition, they should be separated by the purpose, making maximum use of available natural resources: industrial, agricultural, recreational, administrative, etc. In comparison to Moscow, currently the water supply of the Moscow region is almost entirely based on the use of groundwater. The share of groundwater is on average 90% of total water consumption.

Analysis of the current state of water resources and their distribution in the Moscow region shows that the resource potential of fresh groundwater within the boundaries of the New Moscow is almost exhausted. Numerous opened natural and artificial reservoirs being built on the territory of New Moscow, will be victim of anthropogenic contamination of city. Oxygen regime of open water is among the most important factors determining the intensity of the processes of purification and the formation of biological productivity of aquatic ecosystems. Taking into account large size and wide range of functional use of the new territories, an important issue for water arrangement is the organization of the collection, removal and treatment of surface runoff.

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Source: http://cyberleninka.ru/
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